In this document, Livingston and Kidd enter into a separate agreement with an unsentleaing trader named Richard Blackham. Each sold a third of his shares to Blackham in exchange for money „from him to be advanced in silver or sterling currency equivalent“ to free Kidd from his debts and raise money before Kidd`s departure. This arrangement was very unorthodox and was unknown to the king or admiralty. The „elaborate alliance systems“ between the European powers, „each guaranteed by a network of secret contracts, financial agreements and „military agreements“, are generally cited as one of the causes of the First World War.  For example, the June 1887 reinsurance contract between the German Empire and the Russian Empire (negotiated by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to avoid war on two fronts) was a „high-risk contract“ in which the two powers committed a three-year period to remain neutral if the other were to be involved in a war with a third country. , unless Germany attacked France or Russia`s long-standing ally Russia.  More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, drafted another secret agreement on the future prey of the Great War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure control of Syria for France; For his part, Sykes asked the UK to compensate for the influence in the region. The agreement did not allow, to a large extent, the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and army wanted to use at the same time for their advantage vis-à-vis the Turks. Informal agreements „will continue to be the most modern substitutes,“ he added.  Today, the governments of the United Kingdom and the United States and a group of allies are trying to contain ISIS in Iraq and Syria, as they eventually end the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
It is a complex process that encompasses both public diplomacy and covert diplomacy and military operations that are both concealed and announced. But these efforts were disoriented by the intervention of Russia, which strongly supported Assad and attacked rebel groups allied to the United States and Britain. Lazy commentators readily follow the conflict in the Middle East following the false declaration of „old hatred“, ethnic and sectarian conflicts that go back centuries in the region. As Russia`s ongoing role in the confusion between Anglo-American efforts shows, one of the most tenacious geopolitical conflicts in the Levant will be only 100 years old this year. U.S. President Richard Nixon told Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai that the United States recognizes Taiwan as part of China. Nixon made the statement in secret conversations during his historic visit to China in 1972. But what Nixon said in secret was deliberately concealed in the joint statement issued by the two governments at the end of the talks.
Monday will mark the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Sykes-Picot agreement, the secret Anglo-French pact reached during World War I, which proposed dividing the Middle East into areas of foreign control. Since then, the Middle East has often been affected by wars, but the current situation – with IS, the snack in Iraq and beyond the fertile crescent, the civil war in Syria, government paralysis in Lebanon, the rise of autocracy and violence in Turkey and the discourse on the intifada in Israel and the occupied territories – has sparked a particular debate about the legacy of the centuries-old agreement.